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AN OVERVIEW OF REFORMS TO MEXICO’S JUDICIAL SYSTEM


Mexico is in the process of implementing historic reforms to its criminal justice system. The result of constitutional amendments and legislative changes passed by the Mexican Congress in 2008, these reforms will significantly alter the manner in which criminal procedures are conducted. Until now, Mexico has operated under a system in which those accused of a crime are presumed guilty. Under the new system, Mexico will operate under an adversarial system in which those accused of a crime are presumed innocent until proven guilty.

As explained by David A. Shirk, director of the Trans-Border Institute at the University of San Diego, the judicial sector reforms passed by the Mexican Congress in 2008 comprise four main elements:

  1. Changes to criminal procedure through the introduction of new oral, adversarial procedures, alternative sentencing, and alternative dispute resolution (ADR) mechanisms
  2. A greater emphasis on the due process rights of the accused
  3. Modifications to police agencies and their role in criminal investigations
  4. Tougher measures for combating organized crime.¹

The introduction of new criminal procedures relating to each of these four elements will present significant challenges to those currently practicing law and law enforcement in Mexican states. The Conference of Western Attorneys General (CWAG) Alliance Partnership offers hands-on training programs to Mexican judges, prosecutors, investigators and forensic scientists that promote cross-jurisdictional cooperation on law enforcement issues, build efficiency and transparency in court systems, promote a consistent application of Rule of Law disciplines such as oral advocacy, nurture cooperation on issues from consumer fraud and piracy to drug trafficking and money laundering, and ensure that law enforcement and judicial officials work together in ways that apply a consistent Rule of Law focus across jurisdictions in U.S. and Mexican states.

Read David Shirk’s full report:
Justice Reform in Mexico: Change and Challenges in the Judicial Sector.

¹Shirk, D.A. (2010). Justice reform in mexico: change and challenges in the judicial sector. Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.

Links


English

Links to U.S. State Attorneys Generals Offices

Links to Mexican State Attorneys Generals Offices

U.S. Department of State Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs

U.S. Department of State Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (on Facebook)

U.S. Agency for International Development

U.S. Embassy in Mexico

U.S. Department of Justice

U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Overseas Prosecutorial Development, Assistance and Training

Mexico’s Federal Attorney General’s Office

Mexico’s National Conference of Attorneys General

Supreme Court of Mexico

Technical Secretary for the Coordination Council for the Implementation f the Criminal Justice System (SETEC)

National Council of State Supreme Courts of Mexico

National Association of Attorneys General (of the U.S.)

National Attorneys General Training and Research Institute

Border Legislative Conference

Border Governor’s Conference

Council of State Governments

Council of State Governments — WEST

National Association of State Treasurers

National Lieutenant Governors Association

North American Center for Transborder Studies at Arizona State University

The Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars

Trans-Border Institute at the University of San Diego

National Institutes of Justice

National Judicial College

National Center for State Courts

International Association for Court Administration

American Bar Association Rule of Law Institute

National Law Center for Inter-American Free Trade

National Institute of Criminal Justice (Mexico)

Law Firm of Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe LLP

The Patrick Lynch Group

Interactive Global Solutions

Instituto de Estudios Ratio Legis

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Enlaces a las Procuradurías de los EUA

Enlaces a las Procuradurías de los Estados Mexicanos

Departamento de Estado de los EUA, Oficina de Asuntos Narcóticos Internacionales y Aplicación de la Ley

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Agencia para el Desarrollo Internacional de los EUA

Embajada de los EUA en México

Departamento de Justicia de los EUA

Departamento de Justicia de los EUA, Oficina Internacional para el Desarrollo, Asistencia y Capacitación

Procuraduría General de la República

Conferencia Nacional de Procuración de Justicia de México

Suprema Corte de Justicia de la Nación de México

Secretaría Técnica del Consejo de Coordinación para la Implementación del Sistema de Justicia Penal (SETEC)

Comisión Nacional de Tribunales Superiores de Justicia de los Estados Mexicanos

Asociación Nacional de Procuradores Generales de Justicia (de los EUA)

Instituto Nacional de Capacitación e Investigación de los Procuradores Generales de Justicia

Conferencia Legislativa Fronteriza

Conferencia de Gobernadores Fronterizos

Consejo de Gobiernos Estatales

Consejo de Gobiernos Estatales — OESTE

Asociación Nacional de Tesoreros Estatales

Asociación Nacional de Vicegobernadores

Centro Norteamericano de Estudios Transfronterizos de la Universidad Estatal de Arizona

El Centro Internacional Woodrow Wilson para Académicos

Instituto Transfronterizo de la Universidad de San Diego

Instituto Nacional de Justicia

Escuela Nacional para Miembros de la Judicatura

Centro Nacional para Tribunales Estatales

Asociación Internacional para la Administración de Tribunales

Instituto del Estado de Derecho de la Barra de Abogados de América

Centro Jurídico Nacional para el Libre Comercio Interamericano

Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Penales

Bufete de Abogados de Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe LLP

Grupo Patrick Lynch

Interactive Global Solutions

Instituto de Estudios Ratio Legis